Geology and Prehistory

Mother nature provided for the early settlers of Chippenham a spur of Oxford clay and stone surrounded on three sides by the river Avon.

This horseshoe shaped loop of the river provided a natural defensive position and became attractive to prehistoric settlers. The continued expansion of Chippenham and ongoing town centre developments have given archaeologists the opportunity to show that in the later prehistoric period and the Romano-British period there was activity.

All the early finds point to farmers occupying and farming the rich agricultural soils around the river Avon.